Dermnetnz - Vitiligo is an acquired, chronic, depigmenting disorder of the skin, in which pigment -producing cells ( melanocytes) that determine the colour of skin, hair, and eyes are progressively lost. It appears as milky-white patches of skin ( leukoderma) and can be cosmetically very disabling, particularly in people with dark skin.

 
DermnetnzDermnetnz - Venous eczema can form discrete patches or become confluent and circumferential. Features include: Itchy red, blistered and crusted plaques; or dry fissured and scaly plaques on one or both lower legs. Orange-brown macular pigmentation due to haemosiderin deposition. Atrophie blanche (white irregular scars surrounded by red spots)

Dupilumab (Dupixent ®; Sanofi, Paris, France; Regeneron, New York, USA) is a fully human monoclonal antibody, which has shown significant efficacy and a favourable safety profile in moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis alone and in combination with topical corticosteroids. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Dupixent ® as a ...Dermatology Quiz Course - Beginners. Click here for the advanced course. Test your knowledge on common dermatology cases. Join our beginners dermatology quiz …Chondrodermatitis nodularis is a solitary, firm, and oval-shaped nodule, 4–6 mm in diameter, with central crust and surrounding erythema. In men, the most common site for CNH is the helix, while in women it is more often found on the antihelix. It is typically unilateral, located on the sleeping side, but can be bilateral.Anal intraepithelial neoplasia. Anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) is a superficial squamous-cell carcinoma usually associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 and 18, often seen in HIV /AIDS. The clinical features are non-specific, presenting as a bleeding, well-defined red, scaly erythematous rash-like plaque on the perianal skin.Lipoedema almost exclusively affects women. Due to oestrogen receptors in the white adipose tissue, oestrogen is considered to be a major factor. Similar changes to lipoedema can occur in men with hormone disorders such as testosterone deficiency in association with cirrhosis of the liver and renal failure, testicular cancer, and hypogonadism .Dermatologist – USA. One of the most easy, complete and comprehensive sources for dermatological conditions. Every topic is well written and covered completely. This site is my friend at the clinic. Thank you for your effort.Benign pigmented skin lesions may be melanocytic or non-melanocytic in origin. Specific dermatoscopic features suggesting melanocytic origin include the presence of: Pigment network. Aggregated brown or black globules. Specific features: parallel pattern on palms and soles, follicular openings on facial skin, homogeneous steel-blue of blue naevus.Dermatitis overview. Created 2008. Learning objectives. Describe acute and chronic dermatitis; Outline general management of dermatitis; Introduction. Dermatitis and eczema are words that are often used interchangeably to describe a variety of distinct skin conditions in which there is epidermal and dermal inflammation and nearly …Phytophotodermatitis, a form of plant dermatitis, is a skin reaction that occurs after natural photosensitising chemicals (furanocoumarins) present within plant sap and fruits, become smeared onto the skin, and there is subsequent exposure to sunlight. The areas affected become acutely red, and often blister. Learn about seborrhoeic dermatitis, a common form of eczema that affects the scalp, face, and trunk. Find out the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for this inflammatory skin condition. Intense pulsed light (IPL) or flashlamp therapy is a non- invasive and non- ablative treatment that uses high-intensity pulses of visible light to improve the appearance of the following skin problems: Vascular lesions including spider telangiectasis, port wine stains, broken facial veins, rosy cheeks, rosacea and red thread veins of the legs.Annual Conference Information. General information for the annual NZDSI conference. More... NZ Dermatalogical Society Inc is a not-for-profit incorporated society of more than 60 dermatologists.Guttate psoriasis is a clinical diagnosis, aided by dermoscopy, which can be confirmed on skin biopsy. Examination and investigations should include a search for streptococcal infection. Tests may include: Swabs for bacteriology. Blood tests — Anti-streptolysin O titre (ASOT), anti-DNase B titre.Dec 9, 2019 · Phytophotodermatitis, a form of plant dermatitis, is a skin reaction that occurs after natural photosensitising chemicals (furanocoumarins) present within plant sap and fruits, become smeared onto the skin, and there is subsequent exposure to sunlight. The areas affected become acutely red, and often blister. Chronic pigmentary disorders, particularly melasma and acquired dermal macular hyperpigmentation. Photocontact dermatitis to certain plants. Thickened skin eg, acanthosis nigricans or ichthyosis. Pigmented purpura due to bleeding into the skin, such as capillaritis or senile purpura. Segmental pigmentation disorder. A solar lentigo is a flat, well- circumscribed patch. It can be round, oval or irregular in shape. Colour varies from skin-coloured, tan to dark brown or black, and size varies from a few millimetres to several centimetres in diameter. They can be slightly scaly. Solar lentigines are found as groups of similar lesions on sun-exposed sites ... dermnetnz .org. DermNet is a worldwide clinical resource website about dermatology and skin conditions. [1] Its co-founder and former editor-in-chief is dermatologist and Adjunct Associate Professor Amanda Oakley. [2] The website was launched in 1996 under the umbrella of the New Zealand Dermatological Society, and as of 2017, …Discoid eczema usually affects the limbs, particularly the legs, but the rash may be widespread. Although often bilateral, the distribution can be asymmetrical especially if related to varicose veins. Individual plaques are well circumscribed, mostly 1–3 cm in diameter, and inflamed. The majority of patches are round or oval.A solar lentigo is a flat, well- circumscribed patch. It can be round, oval or irregular in shape. Colour varies from skin-coloured, tan to dark brown or black, and size varies from a few millimetres to several centimetres in diameter. They can be slightly scaly. Solar lentigines are found as groups of similar lesions on sun-exposed sites ...It may cause discomfort or bleeding when passing bowel motions, and aggravate any tendency to constipation, particularly in children. Lichen sclerosus causes adhesions and scarring. The clitoris may be buried. The labia minora resorb/shrink. The entrance to the vagina tightens (introital stenosis ).Pigmentation disorders are often more troublesome in skin of colour. The melanocytes ( pigment cells) are located at the base of the epidermis and produce the protein melanin. Melanin is carried by keratinocytes to the skin surface. The melanocytes of dark-skinned people produce more melanin than those of people with light skin.Pityriasis rosea is a self-limiting rash, which resolves in about 6–10 weeks. It is characterised by a large circular or oval "herald patch ", usually found on the chest, abdomen, or back. The herald patch …17.8% were aged 50-59. 23.9% were aged 60-69. 23.7% were aged 70-79. 16% were aged 80 or older. The mean age for melanoma diagnosis is 65.7 years among men and 62.4 years among women. Melanoma is the most common cancer diagnosed in young Australians aged 15–29 years, accounting for 15% of …Jan 31, 2017 · Pityriasis lichenoides (PL) is an uncommon cutaneous rash of uncertain aetiology . The acute form, pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA), and the chronic form, pityriasis lichenoides chronica (PLC), sit at either end of a disease spectrum with many patients showing overlapping features. The eponym Mucha–Habermann disease is ... Dermatoporosis is a term used to describe chronic cutaneous insufficiency and fragility associated with both intrinsic and extrinsic ageing. The features of dermatoporosis include: Skin fragility and atrophy. Senile purpura. Stellate pseudoscars (star-shaped white patches) Non-healing atrophic ulcers. Seborrhoeic keratosis is a harmless warty spot that appears during adult life as a common sign of skin ageing. Some people have hundreds of them. Seborrhoeic keratosis (American spelling - seborrheic keratosis) is also called SK, basal cell papilloma, senile wart, brown wart, wisdom wart, or barnacle. The descriptive term, benign keratosis, is ... Keratosis pilaris is a very common, dry skin condition caused by keratin accumulation in the hair follicles. The Latin term keratosis means ‘ scaly skin’, and pilaris means ‘hair’. Keratosis pilaris usually starts in childhood but becomes more obvious during the teenage years and adulthood. It is harmless and is not infectious. Dermatosis papulosa nigra is common in people with skin of colour, with Fitzpatrick skin phototype 4, 5 or 6. It affects up to 35% of Black Americans. There is a lower frequency in African Americans with a fairer complexion. Dermatosis papulosa nigra also occurs among dark-skinned Asians and Polynesians, but the exact frequency is unknown. Skin as a barrier. Skin is the largest organ of the human body and comprises three major layers; epidermis, dermis, and subcutis [see Structure of normal skin]. One vital function of the skin is to form an effective barrier between the organism and the environment. It maintains an ‘inside-outside’ barrier regulating water loss, and an ‘outside-inside’ barrier … dermnetnz .org. DermNet is a worldwide clinical resource website about dermatology and skin conditions. [1] Its co-founder and former editor-in-chief is dermatologist and Adjunct Associate Professor Amanda Oakley. [2] The website was launched in 1996 under the umbrella of the New Zealand Dermatological Society, and as of 2017, around 2 million ... Dermatopathology is a subspecialty of pathology. Pathology is the study of diseases. It includes the study of the causes, course and progression and the complications that arise from the disease. Anatomic pathology, or histopathology, refers to the study of the structural and compositional changes that occur in organs and tissues as a result of ...DermNet NZ revision January 2021. Table of contents What is leprosy? Leprosy, also called Hansen disease, is a chronic bacterial infection primarily affecting the skin and peripheral nerves usually caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The form the disease takes depends on the person’s immune response to the infection. ... Keratoacanthoma (KA) is a common, rapidly growing, locally destructive skin tumour . KAs may regress spontaneously with scarring, but clinically they may be indistinguishable from well- differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and the clinical course may be unpredictable. Thus, many clinicians and pathologists prefer the term SCC, KA-type ... Skin as a barrier. Skin is the largest organ of the human body and comprises three major layers; epidermis, dermis, and subcutis [see Structure of normal skin]. One vital function of the skin is to form an effective barrier between the organism and the environment. It maintains an ‘inside-outside’ barrier regulating water loss, and an ‘outside-inside’ barrier …Dermatomal — lesions confined to one or more segments of skin innervated by a single spinal nerve ( dermatomes ). Extensor — involving extensor surfaces of limbs. Contrast with flexor surfaces. Flexural — related to flexion, or skin folds, such as the backs of knees, the armpits, the elbow creases and the groin.Introduction. Genital skin problems are very common and can be very itchy or painful, distressing and embarrassing. They can interfere with sexual functioning, self-image and interpersonal relationships. Some genital disorders are contagious, including sexually transmitted diseases. This page provides links to information On DermNet about skin ...The features in common for benign skin lesions include: Symmetry in shape, colour and structure. Stable or slowly evolving. Absence of spontaneous bleeding (bleeding or ulceration may be due to recent injury). Benign lesions can be classified by their cellular origin: melanocytic, keratinocytic, vascular, fibrous, fat, and so on,Patch testing is undertaken for the investigation and confirmation of substances that produce allergic contact dermatitis. It involves applying appropriately diluted allergens to the skin, usually on the back for convenience, for 48 hours. The patch tests are then read at 96 hours as reactions usually take 48–96 hours to develop.Anal intraepithelial neoplasia. Anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) is a superficial squamous-cell carcinoma usually associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 and 18, often seen in HIV /AIDS. The clinical features are non-specific, presenting as a bleeding, well-defined red, scaly erythematous rash-like plaque on the perianal skin.Learn about seborrhoeic dermatitis, a common form of eczema that affects the scalp, face, and trunk. Find out the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for this …Common wart. Common warts (verruca vulgaris) present as cauliflower-like papules with a rough, papillomatous and hyperkeratotic surface ranging in size from 1 mm to 1 cm or more. They may be solitary or multiple. Common warts are found most often on the knees, backs of fingers or toes, and around the nails ( periungual ).Erythema multiforme is an immune-mediated, typically self-limiting, mucocutaneous condition characterised by ‘target’ lesions . Significant mucosal involvement distinguishes erythema multiforme major from multiforme minor. Episodes can be isolated, recurrent, or persistent. In most cases, erythema multiforme is precipitated by herpes ...Cherry angioma. Cherry angiomas are extremely common benign red, blue, purple or almost black lesions occurring in middle age on the trunk. They can be easily distinguished from melanocytic lesions by dermoscopy, which shows red, blue or purple lacunes. Occasionally they become thrombosed and may fall off or persist as a firm bluish papule.Adults. Assess risk factors and comorbid disease of psoriasis at presentation and as indicated thereafter. Cardiovascular risk factors, and management of these (eg, smoking cessation ) Measure blood pressure, lipid studies and fasting glucose at least annually. Risk of venous thromboembolism and its management [1]. Chronic pigmentary disorders, particularly melasma and acquired dermal macular hyperpigmentation. Photocontact dermatitis to certain plants. Thickened skin eg, acanthosis nigricans or ichthyosis. Pigmented purpura due to bleeding into the skin, such as capillaritis or senile purpura. Segmental pigmentation disorder. Keratoacanthoma (KA) is a common, rapidly growing, locally destructive skin tumour . KAs may regress spontaneously with scarring, but clinically they may be indistinguishable from well- differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and the clinical course may be unpredictable. Thus, many clinicians and pathologists …Dermatoporosis is a term used to describe chronic cutaneous insufficiency and fragility associated with both intrinsic and extrinsic ageing. The features of dermatoporosis include: Skin fragility and atrophy. Senile purpura. Stellate pseudoscars (star-shaped white patches) Non-healing atrophic ulcers.Patch testing is undertaken for the investigation and confirmation of substances that produce allergic contact dermatitis. It involves applying appropriately diluted allergens to the skin, usually on the back for convenience, for 48 hours. The patch tests are then read at 96 hours as reactions usually take 48–96 hours to develop.Onycholysis can affect a single nail or multiple fingernails and/or toenails. The distal part of the nail is most commonly affected lifting the free edge; sometimes the nail may detach laterally or proximally. Oil spot sign is an island of onycholysis under a nail. Clinical features can include the following signs.Periocular dermatitis is a localised form of periorificial dermatitis. It is characterised by small red scaly papules and pustules located around the eye [1]. Periorificial dermatitis includes perioral dermatitis or periocular dermatitis alone, or in association. Perioral dermatitis describes an eruption around the mouth and nose.Different. D is for Different.. Most people have a 'signature naevus' - all their melanocytic naevi resemble each other. A melanoma appears unique and very different from the patient’s other lesions.. A pigmented lesion that is obviously different from the others is sometimes called an 'ugly duckling', 'black sheep', 'lone ranger', or 'odd-mole-out' and …Jan 4, 2016 · A topical steroid is an anti- inflammatory preparation used to control eczema / dermatitis and many other skin conditions. Topical steroids are available in creams, ointments, solutions and other vehicles. Topical steroids are also called topical corticosteroids, glucocorticosteroids, and cortisone. Brimonidine is the first and only FDA-approved topical treatment specifically developed and indicated for facial erythema in rosacea. Applied once daily, brimonidine works quickly to reduce the redness of rosacea and the beneficial effects last up to 12 hours. Brimonidine is also available as eye drops to treat ocular hypertension or glaucoma.Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a poxvirus, the molluscum contagiosum virus. There are at least 4 viral subtypes. Sexual transmission in adults. Transmission of molluscum contagiosum appears to be more likely in wet conditions, such as when children bathe or swim together. Acne products should be applied to all areas affected by acne, rather than just put on individual spots. A thin smear should only be applied to dry clean skin at nighttime. Acne products may work better if applied in the morning as well. They often cause dryness particularly in the first 2–4 weeks of use. Dermatology resources for medical students. Welcome to DermNet’s medical student resource centre. This centre has been designed to help increase your confidence and …Topical steroids. Topical steroids are the mainstay treatment for mild-to-moderate atopic dermatitis. They are safe and effective when used correctly. The strength of a topical steroid is determined by the structure of the molecule. The weakest steroid used for the shortest time to be effective is usually prescribed.Common wart. Common warts (verruca vulgaris) present as cauliflower-like papules with a rough, papillomatous and hyperkeratotic surface ranging in size from 1 mm to 1 cm or more. They may be solitary or multiple. Common warts are found most often on the knees, backs of fingers or toes, and around the nails ( periungual ).Learn about seborrhoeic keratosis, a common harmless warty spot that appears with age. Find out the causes, features, complications, diagnosis and treatment of this skin condition.Dermatoporosis is a term used to describe chronic cutaneous insufficiency and fragility associated with both intrinsic and extrinsic ageing. The features of dermatoporosis include: Skin fragility and atrophy. Senile purpura. Stellate pseudoscars (star-shaped white patches) Non-healing atrophic ulcers.DermNet NZ is a comprehensive online resource for skin diseases and conditions. Learn about acne, a common chronic disorder affecting the hair follicle and sebaceous gland, its causes, features, treatment options, and …Clindamycin is a lincosamide antibiotic. It is used to treat infections due to susceptible bacteria. Clindamycin can be used topically, orally or intravenously. In New Zealand (July 2017), it is available on prescription. In other countries, it may also be available as a topical foam, vaginal cream and oral suspension.Trichoscopy involves examination of the scalp and hair using a handheld or a videodermoscopy device. Examination with a dermatoscope (trichoscope) can reassure patients that they have received a thorough scalp examination and provide the clinician with invaluable in vivo information about scalp and hair shaft pathology.A solar lentigo is a flat, well- circumscribed patch. It can be round, oval or irregular in shape. Colour varies from skin-coloured, tan to dark brown or black, and size varies from a few millimetres to several centimetres in diameter. They can be slightly scaly. Solar lentigines are found as groups of similar lesions on sun-exposed sites ...What is palmoplantarkeratoderma? ‘Keratoderma’ is a term that means marked thickening of the epidermis of the skin. ‘Palmoplantar’ refers to the skin on the soles of the feet and palms of the hands; these are the areas keratoderma affects most often. Palmoplantar keratoderma is also sometimes known as ‘ keratosis palmaris et plantaris’.Chronic venous insufficiency can be caused by: Venous factors. Incompetent valve in the superficial, perforating, and deep systems. External compression of veins. Deep venous obstruction. Previous deep vein thrombosis. Impaired calf muscle pump. Immobility including lack of physical exercise and paralysis. Joint disease particularly of the ankle. Guttate psoriasis is a clinical diagnosis, aided by dermoscopy, which can be confirmed on skin biopsy. Examination and investigations should include a search for streptococcal infection. Tests may include: Swabs for bacteriology. Blood tests — Anti-streptolysin O titre (ASOT), anti-DNase B titre. Dermatosis papulosa nigra is common in people with skin of colour, with Fitzpatrick skin phototype 4, 5 or 6. It affects up to 35% of Black Americans. There is a lower frequency in African Americans with a fairer complexion. Dermatosis papulosa nigra also occurs among dark-skinned Asians and Polynesians, but the exact frequency is unknown. DermNet does not provide an online consultation service. If you have any concerns with your skin or its treatment, see a dermatologist for advice. Search DermNet to see clinical skin condition summaries and dermatology images.Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma can cause harmless swelling, known as reactive or dermopathic lymphadenopathy, or malignant growth in the lymph nodes. The blood count is normal in most patients with CTCL. An elevated white cell count is characteristic of Sézary syndrome and confirmed on flow cytometry. A list of the most commonly used key terms and phrases in dermatology. DermNet does not provide an online consultation service. If you have any concerns with your skin or its treatment, see a dermatologist for advice. Search DermNet to see clinical skin condition summaries and dermatology images. It is characterised by: Open and closed uninflamed comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) Inflamed papules and pustules. In severe acne, nodules and pseudocysts. Post-inflammatory erythematous or pigmented macules and scars. Adverse social and psychological effects. Severity is classified as mild, moderate, or severe. Many writers are based in New Zealand, but others have contributed from UK, USA, Canada, Australia, Mexico, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and elsewhere. Visit our website at …Dermatologist – USA. One of the most easy, complete and comprehensive sources for dermatological conditions. Every topic is well written and covered completely. This site is my friend at the clinic. Thank you for your effort.Intense pulsed light (IPL) or flashlamp therapy is a non- invasive and non- ablative treatment that uses high-intensity pulses of visible light to improve the appearance of the following skin problems: Vascular lesions including spider telangiectasis, port wine stains, broken facial veins, rosy cheeks, rosacea and red thread veins of the legs.Contact dermatitis (also called contact eczema) refers to a group of skin disorders in which the skin reaction is due to direct contact with the causative agent. The term dermatitis implies that the outside layers of skin are affected. It can be acute (a single episode) or chronic ( persistent ). Dermatitis is nearly always itchy.Skin needling is used for facial rejuvenation and to reduce fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin tone, texture, and pigmentation. There is a reduced risk of hyperpigmentation and scarring with skin needling compared to more invasive procedures, and as such, it is safer on ethnic or dark skin. It is suitable for thin and sensitive skin.Infection of internal organs, including the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, and brain ( encephalitis) Herpes zoster is infectious to people who have not previously had chickenpox. Herpes zoster in the early months of pregnancy can harm the fetus, but luckily this is rare. Shingles in late pregnancy can cause …Pityriasis lichenoides (PL) is an uncommon cutaneous rash of uncertain aetiology . The acute form, pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA), and the chronic form, pityriasis lichenoides chronica (PLC), sit at either end of a disease spectrum with many patients showing overlapping features. The eponym Mucha–Habermann …Treatment for acne depends on the patient's age and sex, the extent and the severity of the acne, how long it has been present, and response to previous treatments. Treatment for mild acne includes topical anti-acne preparations, lasers and lights. Treatment for moderate acne includes antibiotics such as tetracyclines and/or antiandrogens such ...DermNet forhealthcare professionals. The same great content you have always known, now with pro features. Join the waitlist. Pityriasis rosea is a self-limiting rash, which resolves in about 6–10 weeks. It is characterised by a large circular or oval "herald patch ", usually found on the chest, abdomen, or back. The herald patch is followed some time later, typically two weeks or so, by the development of smaller scaly oval red patches, resembling a Christmas tree ... The NZ Dermatological Society Inc (NZDSI) was established in 1948. Its members are specialist dermatologists – they are the medical experts in skin diseases, conditions and their treatment. In 2012, the rules of the Society were varied. All members are now Fellows of the Society, and may use the postnominal …Jan 31, 2019 · 17.8% were aged 50-59. 23.9% were aged 60-69. 23.7% were aged 70-79. 16% were aged 80 or older. The mean age for melanoma diagnosis is 65.7 years among men and 62.4 years among women. Melanoma is the most common cancer diagnosed in young Australians aged 15–29 years, accounting for 15% of all cancers in this age group. 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Scabies is a transmissible skin disease caused by the ectoparasitic mite Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis. This variant infests humans only; scabies cannot be caught or transferred to other animals. Scabies is a highly contagious infestation of the human epidermis. Scabies was described by Aristotle who likened the disease to ‘lice of the flesh’. . Valenzano family winery

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Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus is less commonly associated with SLE with approximately 50% having a mild form of SLE. It is thought 20–40% have drug-induced SCLE. It comprises 10–15% of cutaneous LE presentations. The skin changes are more persistent than those of ACLE.Learn about seborrhoeic keratosis, a common harmless warty spot that appears with age. Find out the causes, features, complications, diagnosis and treatment of this skin condition. DermNet does not provide an online consultation service. If you have any concerns with your skin or its treatment, see a dermatologist for advice. Search DermNet to see clinical skin condition summaries and dermatology images. Notalgia paraesthetica is a form of cutaneous dysaesthesia where itch and/or changed sensation arise in the areas of skin on the medial aspect of the shoulder blade on either side of the back. Notalgia means pain in the back, and paraesthetica refers to burning pain, tingling or itch. It is also called thoracic cutaneous nerve …Introduction. Genital skin problems are very common and can be very itchy or painful, distressing and embarrassing. They can interfere with sexual functioning, self-image and interpersonal relationships. Some genital disorders are contagious, including sexually transmitted diseases. This page provides links to information On DermNet about skin ...Anal intraepithelial neoplasia. Anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) is a superficial squamous-cell carcinoma usually associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 and 18, often seen in HIV /AIDS. The clinical features are non-specific, presenting as a bleeding, well-defined red, scaly erythematous rash-like plaque on the perianal skin.Annual Conference Information. General information for the annual NZDSI conference. More... NZ Dermatalogical Society Inc is a not-for-profit incorporated society of more than 60 dermatologists.Annual Conference Information. General information for the annual NZDSI conference. More... NZ Dermatalogical Society Inc is a not-for-profit incorporated society of more than 60 dermatologists.Dermatomyositis is thought to be caused by a microangiopathy affecting skin and muscle. There is a genetic predisposition to the development of dermatomyositis such as the PTPN22 gene and HLA associations identified include: Anti-Mi-2 antibodies: HLA DRB1*07 and DQA*0201. Silica exposure — in tradespeople.Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD or HFM) is a common, self-limiting, viral infection that causes blisters on the hands, feet, and inside or around the mouth. It mainly affects children under the age of 5 years. HFMD, also called enteroviral vesicular stomatitis, occurs sporadically worldwide. Epidemics are most common during warm weather ... DermNet Cases. DermNet now features a library of authentic patient cases with images. These cover the various symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, and outcomes that can be expected in the real world. You'll find these cases listed below. All of our content is written by medical professionals and reviewed by dermatologists before being published. DermNet NZ is a comprehensive online resource for skin diseases and conditions. Learn about acne, a common chronic disorder affecting the hair follicle and sebaceous gland, its causes, features, treatment options, and …See full list on dermnetnz.org UVB phototherapy is delivered within a specially designed cabinet. Fluorescent light tubes are positioned to target affected areas with ultraviolet radiation (eg, hands or feet). For full body treatments, patients are undressed with genitalia covered, and eyes or full face should be protected with goggles or a face mask.Irritant contact dermatitis develops when chemical or physical agents damage the skin surface faster than the skin can repair. Irritants remove oils and natural moisturising factor from the outer layer of the skin, allowing chemical irritants to penetrate the skin barrier and trigger inflammation. Factors influencing the development and ...An epidermoid cyst is a benign cyst derived from the infundibulum or upper portion of a hair follicle, encapsulated in a thin layer of epidermis -like epithelium. Epidermoid cysts are typically filled with keratin and lipid -rich debris [1,2]. Synonyms for an epidermoid cyst include: Epidermal cyst. Epidermal inclusion cyst.DermNet does not provide an online consultation service. If you have any concerns with your skin or its treatment, see a dermatologist for advice. Search DermNet to see clinical skin …Contact dermatitis (also called contact eczema) refers to a group of skin disorders in which the skin reaction is due to direct contact with the causative agent. The term dermatitis implies that the outside layers of skin are affected. It can be acute (a single episode) or chronic ( persistent ). Dermatitis is nearly always itchy.Learn about pityriasis rosea, a self-limiting rash that causes a large circular or oval patch on the chest, abdomen, or back. Find out the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and … Image catalogue. The catalogue lists directories of some of the images available for licensed use by external agencies. If you don't find what you're looking for, try searching by disease or condition using DermNet's Google Custom Search, and select the "Image" tab. Refer to the DermNet Image policy for licensing requirements. UVB phototherapy is delivered within a specially designed cabinet. Fluorescent light tubes are positioned to target affected areas with ultraviolet radiation (eg, hands or feet). For full body treatments, patients are undressed with genitalia covered, and eyes or full face should be protected with goggles or a face mask.Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis is an uncommon skin condition affecting the trunk, neck and axillae. It is characterised by asymptomatic, hyperpigmented papules and plaques that have a peripheral, net-like …Dermatology: 2-Volume Set. Edited by Jean L. Bolognia et al. 4th Edition. This is a popular text, encompassing comprehensive, authoritative coverage of basic science, clinical …Actinic keratoses are very common on sites repeatedly exposed to the sun, especially the backs of the hands and the face, most often affecting the ears, nose, cheeks, upper lip, vermilion of the lower lip, temples, forehead, and balding scalp. In severely chronically sun-damaged individuals, they may also be found on the upper trunk, upper and ...Pityriasis rosea is a self-limiting rash, which resolves in about 6–10 weeks. It is characterised by a large circular or oval "herald patch ", usually found on the chest, abdomen, or back. The herald patch …It can present in children (see Juvenile dermatomyositis ). The peak age group affected in adults is those aged 50–60 years. Adult-onset dermatomyositis is strongly associated with malignancy; up to 25% of affected adults have an unknown underlying malignancy on diagnosis. The majority are adenocarcinomas.NZ Dermatalogical Society Inc is a not-for-profit incorporated society of more than 60 dermatologists.Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus is less commonly associated with SLE with approximately 50% having a mild form of SLE. It is thought 20–40% have drug-induced SCLE. It comprises 10–15% of cutaneous LE presentations. The skin changes are more persistent than those of ACLE.DermNet NZ revision January 2021. Table of contents What is leprosy? Leprosy, also called Hansen disease, is a chronic bacterial infection primarily affecting the skin and peripheral nerves usually caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The form the disease takes depends on the person’s immune response to the infection. ...Prurigo simplex presents as symmetrically distributed, small, intensely itchy, dome-shaped bumps. Sometimes there are tiny blisters. They are most numerous on the outer aspects of the limbs and buttocks, but may occur anywhere on head and neck, trunk and limbs. Prurigo may affect children and adults. Aternative names for prurigo simplex include ...Discoid eczema usually affects the limbs, particularly the legs, but the rash may be widespread. Although often bilateral, the distribution can be asymmetrical especially if related to varicose veins. Individual plaques are well circumscribed, mostly 1–3 cm in diameter, and inflamed. The majority of patches are round or oval.Women and patients with skin of colour are most likely to present for medical attention. Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis becomes more common with age, affecting <50% in the fourth decade (31–40 years), 50–80% of people over 40 years of age, and >90% in the ninth decade (81–90 years). It has been reported …Hand dermatitis is frequently caused or aggravated by work when it is known as occupational dermatitis. Irritants include water, detergents, solvents, acids, alkalis, cold, heat and friction. These can damage the outer stratum corneum, removing lipids and disturbing the skin’s barrier function. Guttate psoriasis is a clinical diagnosis, aided by dermoscopy, which can be confirmed on skin biopsy. Examination and investigations should include a search for streptococcal infection. Tests may include: Swabs for bacteriology. Blood tests — Anti-streptolysin O titre (ASOT), anti-DNase B titre. Anal intraepithelial neoplasia. Anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) is a superficial squamous-cell carcinoma usually associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 and 18, often seen in HIV /AIDS. The clinical features are non-specific, presenting as a bleeding, well-defined red, scaly erythematous rash-like plaque on the perianal skin.Intense pulsed light (IPL) or flashlamp therapy is a non- invasive and non- ablative treatment that uses high-intensity pulses of visible light to improve the appearance of the following skin problems: Vascular lesions including spider telangiectasis, port wine stains, broken facial veins, rosy cheeks, rosacea and red thread veins of the legs.DermNet NZ is a comprehensive online resource for skin health information. Learn about melanoma, a potentially serious skin cancer that arises from pigment cells, … Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a common, locally invasive, keratinocyte cancer (also known as nonmelanoma cancer). It is the most common form of skin cancer. BCC is also known as rodent ulcer and basalioma. Patients with BCC often develop multiple primary tumours over time. Tinea versicolor is more accurately called pityriasis versicolor. This is a common yeast infection on the trunk. Tinea incognito refers to a tinea infection in which the clinical appearance has changed because of inappropriate treatment. Tinea nigra is a mould infection (not a dermatophyte). It affects the palms or soles, which appear brown (on ...Trichoscopy involves examination of the scalp and hair using a handheld or a videodermoscopy device. Examination with a dermatoscope (trichoscope) can reassure patients that they have received a thorough scalp examination and provide the clinician with invaluable in vivo information about scalp and hair shaft pathology.It can present in children (see Juvenile dermatomyositis ). The peak age group affected in adults is those aged 50–60 years. Adult-onset dermatomyositis is strongly associated with malignancy; up to 25% of affected adults have an unknown underlying malignancy on diagnosis. The majority are adenocarcinomas.Anal intraepithelial neoplasia. Anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) is a superficial squamous-cell carcinoma usually associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 and 18, often seen in HIV /AIDS. The clinical features are non-specific, presenting as a bleeding, well-defined red, scaly erythematous rash-like plaque on the perianal skin.Learn about atopic dermatitis, the most common inflammatory skin disease worldwide, affecting people with an atopic tendency. Find out the causes, clinical features, complications, diagnosis, and treatment of this condition.Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma can cause harmless swelling, known as reactive or dermopathic lymphadenopathy, or malignant growth in the lymph nodes. The blood count is normal in most patients with CTCL. An elevated white cell count is characteristic of Sézary syndrome and confirmed on flow cytometry.It affects the superficial layers of the epidermis and is typically caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A beta – haemolytic streptococci (GABHS)). It can be classified into non- bullous (also known as ‘school sores’) and bullous impetigo. Ecthyma is a deep form of impetigo causing …DermNet is a comprehensive online resource for skin health information. Learn about psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory skin condition with red and scaly plaques, its types, causes, diagnosis and treatment options.Infection of internal organs, including the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, and brain ( encephalitis) Herpes zoster is infectious to people who have not previously had chickenpox. Herpes zoster in the early months of pregnancy can harm the fetus, but luckily this is rare. Shingles in late pregnancy can cause …Nodular prurigo (NP) or prurigo nodularis is a chronic skin condition characterised by very itchy firm lumps. It can appear anywhere on the body but is most common on the arms, legs, back, and torso, in a symmetrical distribution. It is the most severe form of prurigo and thus can be difficult to treat.Dermatology resources for medical students. Welcome to DermNet’s medical student resource centre. This centre has been designed to help increase your confidence and knowledge in the field of dermatology. We will be updating this page regularly; join our mailing list to stay up to date. In the meantime, why not start by signing up for our free ...DermNet NZ revision January 2021. Table of contents What is leprosy? Leprosy, also called Hansen disease, is a chronic bacterial infection primarily affecting the skin and peripheral nerves usually caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The form the disease takes depends on the person’s immune response to the infection. ... Pityriasis versicolor affects the trunk, neck, and/or arms, and is uncommon on other parts of the body. The patches may be coppery brown, paler than surrounding skin, or pink. Pale patches may be more common in darker skin; this appearance is known as pityriasis versicolor alba. Sometimes the patches start scaly and brown, and then resolve ... Mycosis fungoides (MF) represents 50% of all primary cutaneous lymphomas and 60-70% of all cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL). However, it is an uncommon condition with an estimated incidence worldwide of 6.4 per million. Onset is usually in late adulthood ( median age 55–60 years) with a male predominance (2:1) in white patients. . Bdoutdoors, Waterbury palace theater, 101 the beat, Concord bus lines, Michigan bulb co, Renovo endodontic studio, City lights georgetown, Verde baltimore, Sport mitsubishi.